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Esselen Tribe of Monterey County
Research Bibliography

compiled by Gary S. Breschini and Trudy Haversat

Updated January 6, 2005.



Introduction

The following bibliography contains many of the references which you will need to acquire and analyze for a thorough study of the Esselen. We recommend, however, that you begin your research with the following book, available from Coyote Press.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (2004). The Esselen Indians of the Big Sur Country: The Land and the People. Coyote Press, Salinas.

This book is new, and has gathered most of the extant data on the Esselen into one place. It also provides a detailed analysis of much of the data, and identifies the most common errors encountered in Esselen research.

In addition to subjects directly related to the Esselen people, it contains a great deal of information on the natural history of the region, along with over 200 color photographs.


  • Aginsky, B.W. (1940). An Indian's Soliloquy. The American Journal of Sociology 46:43-44. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.

  • Anonymous (2002). Ohlone/Costanoan-Esselen Nation Today. Santa Cruz County History Journal No. 5, pp. 214-215.

  • Arroyo de la Cuesta, Felipe (1821). Idiomas Californias. Ms. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

  • Arroyo de la Cuesta, Felipe (1833). Lecciones de Indios. Ms. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

  • Baldwin, M. A. (1971). Archaeological Evidence of Cultural Continuity from Chumash to Salinan Indians in California. Occasional Papers of the San Luis Obispo County Archaeological Society 6.

  • Balls, Edward K. (1962). Early Uses of California Plants. University of California Press, Berkeley.

  • Bard, J.C., C.I. Busby, and R.F. Heizer (1978). An Archaeological Assessment of CA-Mnt-478 and 486, Monterey County, California. Ms. on file (E-321 MNT), Regional Information Center of the California Archaeological Inventory, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, California.

  • Beeler, M. S. (1961). Northern Costanoan. International Journal of American Linguistics 27(3).

  • Beeler, M. S. (1977). The Sources for Esselen: A Critical Review. Proceedings of the Third Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, pp. 37-45.

  • Beeler, M. S. (1978). Esselen. The Journal of California Anthropology Papers in Linguistics. Malki Museum, Banning.

  • Beeler, M. S. (1980). Esselen Numerals. Ms.

  • Belcher, E. (1843). Narrative of a Voyage Round the World, Performed in Her Majesty's Ship Sulphur, During the Years 1836-1842. Henry Coburn, London.

  • Bennyhoff, J. A., and R. E. Hughes (1987). Shell Bead and Ornament Exchange Networks Between California and the Western Great Basin. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History 64(2). New York.

  • Binford, L. R. (1980). Willow Smoke and Dogs' Tails: Hunter Gatherer Settlement Systems and Archaeological Site Formation. American Antiquity 45(1):4-20.

  • Blackburn, Thomas C. (1977). Biopsychological Aspects of Chumash Rock Art. The Journal of California Anthropology 4(1):88-94.

  • Blackburn, Thomas C. and Kat Anderson (1993). Before the Wilderness: Environmental Management by Native Americans. Ballena Press, Menlo Park.

  • Bolton, Herbert E., ed. (1926). Historical Memoirs of New California, by Fray Francisco Palou, O.F.M. Four volumes. University of California Press.

  • Brandoff, J. E. (1980). Appendix B: Archaeological Survey of Pico Blanco, A.S.R. #05-07-187A. Ms. in the possession of the authors.

  • Brandoff-Kerr, J. E. (1982). Prehistoric Land Use in the Santa Lucia Mountains: An Overview of the Esselen and their Settlement Strategy. Master's thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Barbara.

  • Breschini, G. S. (1972). The Indians of Monterey County. Monterey County Archaeological Society, Carmel.

  • Breschini, G. S. (1973). Excavations at . . . MNT-44. Monterey County Archaeological Society Quarterly 2(4).

  • Breschini, G. S. (1976). Area Indian Cultures are 9,000 Years Old. Salinas Californian, July 5, 1976.

  • Breschini, G. S. (1980). Esselen Prehistory. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for California Archaeology, Redding.

  • Breschini, G. S. (1981). Models of Central California Prehistory. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for California Archaeology, Bakersfield.

  • Breschini, G. S. (1983). Models of Population Movements in Central California Prehistory. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Washington State University.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (1980). La Cueva Pintada: A Technical Report on Documenting the Rock Paintings at National Register Site CA-MNT-256. Coyote Press, Salinas.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (1982). Monterey Bay Prehistory. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for California Archaeology, Sacramento.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (1985a). Radiocarbon Dates and Cultural Models in the Monterey Bay Area, California. Paper presented at the Annual Northern California Data Sharing Meeting of the Society for California Archaeology, Aptos.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (1985b). Linguistic Prehistory of South-Central California. Paper presented at the Symposium on Central California Prehistory, San Jose State University, San Jose.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (1992). Baseline Archaeological Studies at Rancho San Carlos, Carmel Valley, Monterey County, California. Coyote Press Archives of California Prehistory 36. Coyote Press, Salinas.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (1993a). Phase II Cultural Resources Investigations for the New Los Padres Dam and Reservoir Project, Carmel Valley, Monterey County, California. Submitted to Monterey Peninsula Water Management District, Monterey.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (1993b). The Esselen Indians of Monterey County. Monterey County Historical Society Newsletter, April-May 1993. Monterey County Historical Society, Salinas.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (1994). An Overview of the Esselen Indians of Central Monterey County, California. Coyote Press, Salinas.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (1995). Additional Archaeological Investigations Prepared as a Supplement to Phase II Cultural Resources Investigations for the New Los Padres Dam and Reservoir Project, Carmel Valley, Monterey County, California. Submitted to Monterey Peninsula Water Management District, Monterey.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (1997). Linguistics and Prehistory: A Case Study from the Monterey Bay Area. Coyote Press Archives of California Prehistory 44:127-141.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (2000). Post-Contact Esselen Occupation of the Santa Lucia Mountains. Paper Presented at the Annual Meetings of the Society for California Archaeology, Riverside.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (2002). The Esselen Refuge Response to Spanish Intrusion. Santa Cruz County History Journal No. 5, pp. 37-47.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (2003a). Rock Art of the Esselen. Paper Presented at the 14th Annual California Indian Conference, Cabrillo College, October 10, 2003.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (2003b). Marriage Patterns at Mission San Carlos. Paper Presented at the 14th Annual California Indian Conference, Cabrillo College, October 10, 2003.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (2004a). Ethnography of the Esselen. Chapter 3 in Ethnographic Overview of the Los Padres National Forest. Prepared by Northwest Economic Associates and submitted to Los Padres National Forest.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (2004b). An Overview of Esselen Pictographs. Paper Presented at the Annual Meetings of the Society for California Archaeology, Riverside.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (2004c). The Esselen Indians of the Big Sur Country: The Land and the People. Coyote Press, Salinas.

  • Breschini, G. S. and T. Haversat (n.d.). Radiocarbon Dating and Cultural Models on the Monterey Peninsula, California. Pacific Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly. In press.

  • Breschini, G. S., A. L. Runnings and T. Haversat (1992). Cultural Resources Reconnaissance of the New Los Padres Dam and Reservoir Project, Carmel Valley, Monterey County, California. Submitted to Monterey Peninsula Water Management District, Monterey.

  • Breschini, G. S., A. L. Runnings and T. Haversat (1994). Documentation of Bedrock Mortars Within the New Los Padres Dam and Reservoir Project, Carmel Valley, Monterey County, California. Submitted to Monterey Peninsula Water Management District, Monterey.

  • Breschini, G. S., T. Haversat and R. Edwards (1984). Secondary (Subsurface) Archaeological Reconnaissance at Site CA-MNT-1215, Located on the El Sur Ranch, Big Sur, Monterey County, California. Ms. on file, Archaeological Consulting, Salinas.

  • Breschini, G. S., T. Haversat and Tom "Little Bear" Nason (1999). Esselen, Rumsen and the Sarhentaruc Problem. Paper Presented at the 14th Annual California Indian Conference, Cuesta College.

  • Breschini, G. S., T. Haversat, and J. Erlandson (1996). California Radiocarbon Dates. Eighth Edition. Coyote Press, Salinas.

  • Breschini, G. S., T. Haversat, and R. P. Hampson (1983). A Cultural Resources Overview of the Coast and Coast-Valley Study Areas [California]. Submitted to Bureau of Land Management, Bakersfield.

  • Breschini, G. S., T. Haversat, J. Flenniken, and R. Edwards (1984). Archaeological Investigations at CA-MNT-1215, an Esselen Quarry Site on the Big Sur Coast. Ms. on file, Archaeological Consulting, Salinas.

  • Brewer, William H. (1966). Up and Down California in 1860-1864: The Journal of William H. Brewer. A New Edition, edited by Francis P. Farquhar. University of California Press, Berkeley.

  • Broadbent, S. M. (1972). The Rumsen of Monterey, an Ethnography from Historical Sources. Contributions of the University of California Archaeological Research Facility 14:45-93.

  • Broadbent, S. M. (1974). Conflict at Monterey: Indian Horse Raiding, 1820-1850. Journal of California Anthropology 1(1):86-101.

  • Brown, Alan K. (2001). A Description of Distant Roads: Original Journals of the First Expedition into California, 1769-1770, by Juan Crespi. Edited and translated by Alan K. Brown. San Diego State University Press.

  • Burrus, Ernest J. (1967). Diario del Capitan Comandante Fernando de Rivera y Moncada, con un Apendice Documental. Two vols. Ediciones Jose Porrua Turanzas, Madrid.

  • Busby, C., and R. F. Heizer (1976). A Supplementary Archaeological Assessment of CA-MNT-486 for Mr. John S. Cluett, Big Sur, California. Ms. on file, Regional Information Center of the California Archaeological Inventory, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, California.

  • Castillo, Edward D. (1978). The Impact of Euro-American Exploration and Settlement. In: California, edited by R. F. Heizer, pp. 99-127. Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 8, William G. Sturtevant, general editor. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

  • Clark, Donald T. (1991). Monterey County Place Names: A Geographical Dictionary. Kestrel Press, Carmel Valley.

  • Cole, D. (1973). Ancient Secrets of Indian Life Unlocked in Big Sur Dig. The Herald Weekend Magazine, November 4:10-13. Reprinted in Smoke Signals (Newsletter of the Pacific Coast Archaeological Society) 12(12):2-4.

  • Cook, S. F. (1943). The Conflict Between the California Indian and White Civilization. Ibero-Americana 21-24. (Reprinted in 1976 by University of California Press, Berkeley.)

  • Cook, S. F. (1974a). The Esselen: Territory, Villages, and Population. Monterey County Archaeological Society Quarterly 3(2).

  • Cook, S. F. (1974b). The Esselen: Language and Culture. Monterey County Archaeological Society Quarterly 3(3).

  • Cook, S. F. (1976). The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970. University of California Press, Berkeley.

  • Cook, Sherburne F. and Woodrow Borah (1979). Essays in Population History, Vol. 3: Mexico and California. University of California Press, Berkeley.

  • Costo, Rupert and Jeannette Henry Costo, eds. (1987). The Missions of California: A Legacy of Genocide. San Francisco: Indian Historian Press.

  • Culleton, James (1950). Indians and Pioneers of Old Monterey Academy of California Church History, Fresno, CA.

  • Cutter, Donald C. (1960). Malaspina in California. San Francisco: John Howell Books.

  • Cutter, Donald C. (1990). California in 1792: A Spanish Naval Visit. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

  • Dawson, L. E. (1973). Hypotheses toward a Historical Interpretation of California and Great Basin Basketry. Ms. on file, Archaeological Consulting, Salinas.

  • Dawson, L. E. (1981). Costanoan Basketry. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Anthropological Association, Santa Barbara.

  • Dean, S. A. (1979). Physical and Chemical Analysis of Sediments from 4-MNT-85, Monterey County, CA. Master's Thesis, California State University, Hayward.

  • Dietz, S. A., and T. L. Jackson (1981). Report of Archaeological Excavations at Nineteen Archaeological Sites for the Stage 1 Pacific Grove-Monterey Consolidation Project Regional Sewerage System. Four volumes. Submitted to State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento.

  • Dixon, R. B., and A. L. Kroeber (1919). Linguistic Families in California. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 16(3).

  • Dixon, R.B. and A.L. Kroeber (1913). New Linguistic Families in California. American Anthropologist 15(4):647-655.

  • Eargle, Dolan H., Jr. (2000). Native California Guide: Weaving the Past & Present. Trees Company Press, San Francisco.

  • Ebeling, Walter (1986). Handbook of Indian Foods and Fibers of Arid America. University of California Press, Berkeley.

  • Edwards, R. L., P. P. Hickman, and G. S. Breschini (1974). Assessment of the Impact on the Cultural Resources of the Proposed San Clemente Dam, Upper Carmel Valley, Monterey County, California. Ms. on file (E-217), Northwest Regional Information Center of the California Archaeological Inventory, Rohnert Park.

  • Edwards, R.L., G. S. Breschini, T. Haversat, and C. Simpson-Smith (1997). Archaeological Evaluation of Sites CA-MNT-798, CA-MNT-799 and CA-MNT-800, in The Pfeiffer Beach Day Use Area, Big Sur, Monterey County, California. Submitted to Los Padres National Forest, King City.

  • Edwards, R.L., G. S. Breschini, T. Haversat, and C. Simpson-Smith (2000). Archaeological Evaluation of Sites CA-MNT-798, CA-MNT-799 and CA-MNT-800, in The Pfeiffer Beach Day Use Area, Big Sur, Monterey County, California. Coyote Press Archives of California Prehistory 48. Coyote Press, Salinas.

  • Edwards, R. L. and Charr Simpson-Smith (1994). Preliminary Report: Site Evaluation for CA-MNT-798, -799, -800 for Pfeiffer Beach Rehabilitation Project. Submitted to Los Padres National Forest, King City.

  • Engelhardt, Fr. Zephyrin (1929). San Antonio de Padua: The Mission in the Sierras. Mission Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California. (Reprinted in 1972 by Ballena Press, Ramona, California.)

  • Engelhardt, Fr. Zephyrin (1934). Mission San Carlos Borromeo (Carmelo): The Father of the Missions. Mission Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California. (Reprinted in 1973 by Ballena Press, Ramona, California.)

  • Erlandson, Jon M. (2002). Anatomically Modern Humans, Maritime Voyaging, and the Pleistocene Colonization of the Americas. In: The First Americans: The Pleistocene Colonization of the New World, pp. 59-92, N.G. Jablonski, ed. Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences 27.

  • Eshleman, Jason A. (2001). The Genetic Prehistory of California's Central Valley. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement 63.

  • Eshleman, Jason A. (2002). Mitochondrial DNA and Prehistoric Population Movements in Western North America. Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Davis.

  • Fagan, Brian (2000). The Little Ice Age: How Climate Made History, 1300-1850. Basic Books, New York.

  • Farris, G. J. (1990). Vigesimal Systems Found in California Indian Languages. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 12(2):173-190.

  • Fink, A. (1972). Monterey: The Presence of the Past. Chronicle Books, San Francisco.

  • Flenniken, J. Jeffrey and Pam Trautman (2001). [Draft] Results of Archaeological Excavations at the Arroyo Seco Site, CA-MNT-85, Los Padres National Forest, California. Ms. on file, U.S. Forest Service, King City.

  • Foster, Michael K. (1996). Language and the Culture History of North America. In: Languages, edited by Ives Goddard, pp. 64-110. Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 17. William G. Sturtevant, general editor. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

  • Geiger, M. (1950). Reply of Mission San Carlos Borromeo to the Questionairre of the Spanish Government in 1812 Concerning the Native Culture of the California Mission Indians. The Americas 6(4):467-486.

  • Geiger, M. (1959). The Life and Times of Fray Junípero Serra, O.F.M.: or, The Man Who Never Turned Back (1713-1784). Two volumes. Academy of American Franciscan History, Washington, D.C.

  • Geiger, M. (1969). Franciscan Missionaries in Hispanic California, 1769-1848: A Biographical Dictionary. San Marino, The Huntington Library.

  • Geiger, M. and Clement W. Meighan (1976). As the Padres Saw Them: California Indian Life and Customs as Reported by the Franciscan Missionaries, 1813-1815. Santa Barbara Mission Archive Library, Santa Barbara.

  • Gerow, B. A. (with R. B. Force) (1968). An Analysis of the University Village Complex with a Reappraisal of Central California Archaeology. Stanford University Press, Stanford.

  • Gibson, Robert O. (2003). Preliminary Analysis of Stone and Shell Beads and Ornaments from CA-MNT-44, Monterey County. Ms. in the possession of the authors.

  • Gibson, Robert O. (2004). Preliminary Analysis of Glass and Shell Beads from CA-MNT-266, Monterey County. Ms. in the possession of the authors.

  • Goddard, Ives (1996a). The Classification of the Native Languages of North America. In: Languages, edited by Ives Goddard, pp. 290-324. Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 17. William G. Sturtevant, general editor. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

  • Goddard, Ives (1996b). End pocket Map: Native Languages and Language Families of North America. In: Languages, edited by Ives Goddard. Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 17. William G. Sturtevant, general editor. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

  • Harrington, John Peabody (1913). Notes on Esselen. Paper presented at the Meeting of the San Francisco Society of the Archaeological Institute at Berkeley, Nov. 1913. (Also presented at the joint session of the San Francisco Society of the Archaeological Institute of America and the Anthropological Section of the Pacific Division of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Dec. 2, 1916. Original in the National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

  • Harrington, John Peabody (1942). Culture Element Distributions, XIX: Central California Coast. University of California Anthropological Records 7(1):1-46.

  • Harrington, John Peabody (n.d.). Esselen Field Notes. John P. Harrington Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. Reels 81-83 deal with the Esselen.

  • Haversat, T., and G. S. Breschini (1984). New Interpretations in South Coast Ranges Prehistory. Paper presented at the Annual Northern Data Sharing Meeting of the Society for California Archaeology, Aptos.

  • Heizer, R. F., and C. W. Clewlow, Jr. (1973). Prehistoric Rock Art of California. Two volumes. Ballena Press, Ramona.

  • Heizer, R. F., ed. (1952). California Indian Linguistic Records: The Mission Indian Vocabularies of Alphonse Pinart. University of California Anthropological Records 15(1).

  • Heizer, R. F., ed. (1955). California Indian Linguistic Records: The Mission Indian Vocabularies of H.W. Henshaw. University of California Anthropological Records 15(2).

  • Henshaw, H. W. (1890). A New Linguistic Family in California. American Anthropologist 3:45-49.

  • Hester, T. R. (1978). Esselen. In California, edited by R. F. Heizer, pp. 496-499. Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 8, William G. Sturtevant, general editor. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C..

  • Hodge, F. W., ed. (1907, 1910). Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. 2 vols. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30. Washington, D.C.

  • Horne, Steven P. (1999). Research Design for Evaluation of Archeological Site CA-MNT-85, Los Padres National Forest, Monterey County, California. Ms. on file.

  • Howard, D. M. (1969). Archaeological Investigations: Monterey-Big Sur Area. The Indian Historian 2(3):41-48).

  • Howard, D. M. (1971). The Rancho Los Tularcitos Adobe. Noticias del Puerto de Monterey 16(1). Monterey History and Art Association, Monterey.

  • Howard, D. M. (1973a). The Gamboa Site (MNT-480)--An Esselen Village, with a Review of Esselen Ethnography. Monterey County Archaeological Society Quarterly 3(1).

  • Howard, D. M. (1973b). Ancient Secrets of Indian Life Unlocked in Big Sur Dig. Smoke (Newsletter of the Pacific Coast Archaeological Society) 12(12):2-4.

  • Howard, D. M. (1973c). History of the Carmel Valley. Part XV of "Archaeology of the Carmel Area." Carmel Pine Cone, April 1973.

  • Howard, D. M. (1974a). Archaeology in Paradise. Antiquities Research Publications, Carmel.

  • Howard, D. M. (1974b). Big Sur Archeology at 4-MNT-88. Popular Archaeology 3(3):9-10, 31-37.

  • Howard, D. M. (1976a). Big Sur Archaeology: A Guide. Antiquities Research Publications, Carmel.

  • Howard, D. M. (1976b). Big Sur's Lost Tribe: The Esselen. Antiquities Research Publications, Carmel.

  • Howard, D. M. (1977). Vanished Villages of Monterey County. Antiquities Research Publications, Carmel.

  • Jackson, Robert H. (1994). Indian Population Decline: The Missions of Northwestern New Spain, 1687-1840. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

  • Jackson, Robert H. and Edward Castillo (1995). Indians, Franciscans, and Spanish Colonization: The Impact of the Mission System on California Indians. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

  • Jacobsen, William H., Jr. (1979). Hokan Inter-Branch Comparisons. In: The Languages of Native America: Historical and Comparative Assessment, pp. 545-591. Lyle Campbell and Marianne Mithun, eds. University of Texas Press.

  • Jane, Cecil (trans.) (1930). A Spanish Voyage to Vancouver and the North-West Coast of America, Being the Narrative of the Voyage made in the Year 1792 by the Schooners Sutil and Mexicana to Explore the Strait of Fuca. The Argonaut Press, London.

  • Jones, Terry L. (1984). The Big Creek Reserve Survey: Settlement Pattern Trends on the Big Sur Coast. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for California Archaeology, Salinas.

  • Jones, Terry L. (1988). A Shell Projectile Point from the Big Sur Coast. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 10(1):100-103.

  • Jones, Terry L. (1993). Big Sur: A Keystone in Central California Culture History. Pacific Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly 29(1).

  • Jones, Terry L. (1994). Archaeological Testing and Salvage at CA-MNT-63, CA-MNT-73, and CA-MNT-376, on the Big Sur Coast, Monterey County, California. Ms. on file, California Department of Parks and Recreation, Monterey.

  • Jones, Terry L. (1995). Transitions in Prehistoric Diet, Mobility, Exchange, and Social Organization along California's Big Sur Coast. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Davis.

  • Jones, Terry L. (1996). Mortars, Pestles, and Division of Labor in Prehistoric California: A View from Big Sur. American Antiquity 61(2):243-264.

  • Jones, Terry L. and G. Waugh (1995). Central California Coastal Prehistory: A View from Little Pico Creek. Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles, Perspectives in California Archaeology 3.

  • Jones, Terry L. and J. Haney (1992). Excavation and Conservation of Six Archaeological Sites at Landels-Hill Big Creek Reserve, Monterey County, California. Submitted to the Nature Conservancy, San Francisco.

  • Jones, Terry L. and M. Hylkema (1988). Two Proposed Projectile Point Types for the Monterey Bay Area: Año Nuevo Long-stemmed and Rossi Square-stemmed. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 10(2):163-186.

  • Jones, Terry L., ed. (1992). Essays on the Prehistory of Maritime California. Center for Archaeological Research at Davis Publication 10.

  • Jones, Terry L., ed. (2003). Prehistoric Human Ecology of the Big Sur. University of California Archaeological Research Facility Publication 61.

  • Jones, Terry L., S. Anderson, M. Brown, A. Garsia, K. Hildebrand, and A. York (1989). Surface Archaeology at Landels-Hill Big Creek Reserve and the Gamboa Point Properties, Monterey County, California. Environmental Field Program Publication 18. University of California, Santa Cruz.

  • Kaestle, F.A. and D.G. Smith (2001). Ancient Mitochondrial DNA Evidence for Prehistoric Population Movement: The Numic Expansion. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 115:1-12.

  • Kenneally, Finbar, O.F.M. (trans. and ed.) (1965). Writings of Fermin Francisco de Lasuen. Two volumes. Academy of American Franciscan History, Washington, D.C.

  • Klimek, S. (1935). Culture Element Distributions, I: The Structure of California Indian Culture. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 37(1):1-70.

  • Kroeber, A. L. (1904). The Languages of the Coast of California South of San Francisco. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 2(2).

  • Kroeber, A. L. (1908). A Mission Record of the California Indians. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 8(1):1-27.

  • Kroeber, A. L. (1922). Elements of Culture in Native California. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 13(8).

  • Kroeber, A. L. (1923). The History of Native Culture in California. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 20(8).

  • Kroeber, A. L. (1925). Handbook of the Indians of California. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 78.

  • Kuchler, A. W. (1977). Natural Vegetation of California. Map in: Terrestrial Vegetation of California, M.G. Barbour and J. Major, eds. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

  • La Pérouse, Jean-Francois de Galaup de (1994). The Journal of Jean-Francois de Galaup de La Pérouse, 1785-1788. Edited by John Dunmore. The Hakluyt Society, London.

  • Lathrap, D. W. and R. C. Troike (1988). Californian Historical Linguistics and Archaeology. In: Archaeology and Linguistics, A. M. Mester and C. McEwan, eds. Journal of the Steward Anthropological Society 15(1&2):99-157.

  • Lee, G. (1981). The Portable Cosmos: Effigies, Ornaments, and Incised Stone from the Chumash Area. Ballena Press Anthropological Papers 21.

  • Levy, R. (1973). Notes on Salinan and Esselen. Manuscript No. 450, University of California Archaeological Research Facility.

  • Levy, R. (1979). A Linguistic Prehistory of Central California: Historical Linguistics and Culture Process. Ms. on file, Archaeological Consulting, Salinas.

  • Levy, R. (1997). A Linguistic Prehistory of Central California: Historical Linguistics and Culture Process. Coyote Press Archives of California Prehistory 44. Coyote Press, Salinas.

  • Lorenz, J. G. and D. G. Smith (1996). Distribution of Four Founding mtDNA Haplogroups among Native North Americans. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 101:307-323.

  • Ludewig, Hermann E. (1858). The Literature of American Aboriginal Languages. Trubner and Co., London. Reprinted by Kraus Reprint, 1971.

  • Margolin, M., ed. (1989). Monterey in 1786: the Journals of Jean Francois de La Pérouse. Heyday Books, Berkeley.

  • Mason, J. A. (1912). The Ethnology of the Salinan Indians. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 10(4):97-240.

  • Massey, W. C. (1938). Details on Petroglyphs at site CA-MNT-86. Manuscript No. 51, University of California Archaeological Research Facility, Berkeley.

  • Mathewson, Margaret (1990). Costanoan Basketry in Relation to Neighboring Bay Area Groups. Ms. in possession of Helen McCarthy.

  • McCarthy, Helen (1998). Identification and Evaluation of Traditional Esselen Cultural Properties, Carmel River Dam. Submitted to Monterey Peninsula Water Management District, Monterey.

  • McCarthy, Helen (1999). Final Identification and Evaluation of Traditional Cultural Properties, for the New Los Padres (Carmel River) Dam and Reservoir Project. Submitted to Monterey Peninsula Water Management District, Monterey.

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